F Minor Scale

This scale reference contains the notes, formula, structure, positions, chords, and modes for the F Minor scale on guitar. For an in-depth lesson on the minor scale, see Minor Scale Patterns, Positions and Theory.

Notes of F Minor Scale

The F Minor scale contains 4 flats and 3 natural notes.

F – G – A♭ – B♭ – C – D♭ – E♭

Scale Formula

The scale formula for the F Minor scale is:

Root – Major 2nd – Minor 3rd – Perfect 4th – Perfect 5th – Minor 6th – Minor 7th

IntervalsRootMajor 2ndMinor 3rdPerfect 4thPerfect 5thMinor 6thMinor 7th

Scale Structure

F Minor follows the minor scale structure of whole and half step intervals:


F minor scale whole step half step formula diagram

Scale Positions

The diagrams below outline the 5 CAGED positions for the F Minor scale on the guitar.

Position 1

F minor scale position 1 diagram

Position 2

F minor scale position 2 diagram

Position 3

F minor scale position 3 diagram

Position 4

F minor scale position 4 diagram

Position 5

F minor scale position 5 diagram

Chords in the Key of F Minor

When you harmonize the F Minor scale you get the following chords:

Chord NotesF – A♭ – CG – B♭ – D♭A♭ – C – E♭B♭ – D♭ – FC – E♭ – GD♭ – F – A♭E♭ – G – B♭

Relative and Parallel Scales

Relative Major of F Minor: A Flat Major | A♭ – B♭m – Cm – D♭ – E♭ – Fm – Gdim

Parallel Major of F Minor: F Major | F – Gm – Am – B♭ – C – Dm – Edim


The following are the modes of F Minor:

  • A♭ Ionian (Major)
  • B♭ Dorian (Minor)
  • C Phrygian (Minor)
  • D♭ Lydian (Major)
  • E♭Mixolydian (Major)
  • F Aeolian (Minor)
  • G Locrian (Minor)