When we first learn the pentatonic scales, it’s typically done position by position. We learn one pattern, then the next, and so on. There’s nothing wrong with this approach, but if we don’t expand on it we’re bound to feel trapped in the “box”. But, there are some methods that can be used to get you out of the box and playing pentatonic scales up and down the neck. In this lesson we take a look at a few of the easy ones.
Learn the scale diagonally
When learning the pentatonic patterns, we typically play each position of the scale horizontally across the neck from the 6th string to the 1st and back. For instance, in the diagram below we see the first position of the A major pentatonic played horizontally.
When played horizontally like this, you see runs like the following:
However, we can move this scale vertically up the neck as well and pass through each position of the pentatonic scale.
Now we can take the same lick from the horizontal example, apply it diagonally and get the following:
This method isn’t confined to a particular position. It can be applied to any position of the pentatonic and from any starting point in the scale. The very nature of it gets you moving through the pentatonic scales up and down the neck.
Playing in octaves
Playing in octaves is probably one of the easiest ways to move between pentatonic positions. It’s as simple as taking the same lick and playing it an octave higher.
For instance, take a look at the following diagram that outlines 3 octaves of the root, 3rd, 5th notes.
These octave shapes traverse the first 3 positions of the A major pentatonic. We can take these shapes and make a lick out of them like the following:
An even more simple idea is to take the same lick in the same position and move it to the second octave (above the 12 fret) on the fretboard. For example, take a look at the following diagram that outlines the 5th position of the A major pentatonic scale below and above the 12th fret.
Using this position in both octaves we can play a lick something like the following:
Using the root note to anchor position shifts
If you’ve read the lessons on using root notes to navigate the major and minor scales, you know that the root note can be used as a reference for scale patterns. This allows you to use the root note to move between scale positions.
For instance, take a look at the following lick:
This lick is based mainly in the 1st position of the scale and grabs the major 3rd from position 2 before ending on the root on the fifth fret of the 1st string.
But, we can target the root note in a different position to allow us to move out of the 1st position box.
So instead of landing on the root note at the 5th fret of the first string, we can end the lick on the root note at the 14th fret of the 3rd string, putting us in position four.
Both licks contain the same notes, but the second lick requires a position shift up the neck, getting you out of the pentatonic box of the 1st position.
While the root note is an obvious target note, the same method can be applied to any note of the scale. In general, this method typically works well with any chord tones, so the music you’re playing over may influence which notes to target.
In this lesson you learned three easy ways to play pentatonic scales up and down the neck. The examples given were simple, but the concepts can be greatly expanded upon and adapted to any lick or run.